Agriculture & Agrofood methodology
The land sector is responsible for 10-12 Gt CO2e yr-1 of net GHG emissions – approximately a quarter of global GHG emissions. Half of these are driven by agriculture, while the rest derive from land use, land-use change and forestry (LULUCF). The largest contributions from agriculture arise from enteric fermentation, manure from ruminant livestock production, crop-related fertilization practices and soil GHG emissions. In addition, some 5% of emissions related to food production come after the farm gate, up to but not including retail. Therefore, it is clear that in order to decarbonise the Agriculture and Agrifood sector, the largest GHG emissions reduction will need to be achieved at the agricultural production phase.
Timeline: consultation was open until 6th January 2021.
Iron & Steel
Among heavy industries, the Iron and Steel sector ranks first when it comes to CO2 emissions, and second when it comes to energy consumption. Steel production is highly energy- and emissions-intensive, accounting for around 8% of global energy demand and 7% (2.6 Gt CO2) of total emissions from the energy system. The greater the number of buildings, infrastructure, transport means, boats and industrial equipment, the greater the use of Steel! Global demand for Steel is projected to increase by more than a third through to 2050 according to IEA.
Timeline: consultation was open until 30th November 2020.